Ethical considerations for the transposition of health policies: Human body parts donation policies = Consideraciones éticas para la transposición de políticas de salud pública: políticas para la donación de órganos
The gap between organ donors and organ recipients is a worldwide problem that has been set in national agendas around the world. However, there has not been a clear pathway to establish a standard universal guideline to deal with organ transplantation and its related processes. This paper argues through an exhaustive literature review on ethics and bioethics that the difficulty for having such system are varying conceptualizations of world health as well as the difficulty of imposing a universal ethics code. The paper has three core parts. Part I is a theoretical view of the Human Body Parts (HBP) transplantation procurements through the optics of ethics and religions. Part II is the empirical view of those issues through legal frameworks. While part III deals with the ethical considerations of transposing a health policy in a pluralistic society. This paper finds that: (1) Cultural and religious beliefs of the general public cannot be ignored when transposing health policy. (2) Bioethical traditional approaches to organ donation have a limited scope when dealing with existential or religious problems. (3) When comparing bioethical principles solidarity showed to deal with a wider spectrum of ethical problems as compared to autonomy. (4) Having a universal guideline to deal with organ transplantation isn’t impossible; however, differences in the founding principles of global health ethics are the biggest obstacle.
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