This is the final result of an investigation. This paper seeks to engage in a general exploration about some possible theoretical understandings about indigenous peoples’ rights, since there is the concern that their group rights have been systematically neglected by the nation-state and the international community. Concretely, there is the perception that the interests of the indigenous peoples have not been adequately addressed by the Colombian state due to a uni-dimensional framework for defining the meaning of being developed. In that sense, the main objective of this document consists of providing a conceptual interconnection between the right to development (R2D) and collective rights, group rights, minority rights and cultural rights of indigenous peoples. The justification of this paper is the necessity of exploring the ways through which the indigenous peoples can take advantage of their R2D, as it encompasses other rights, i.e., individual, collective, group, minority, and cultural rights. In other words, I seek to stress the potential of the R2D for justifying different views of being developed, since some core human rights instruments can be easily embedded in the provisions of the United Nations Declaration on the Right to Development (DRD).